Paralympic stars Kadeena Cox, Dame Sarah Storey and Sophie Christiansen also make the list, with Britain's gold medal-winning equestrian rider Nick Skelton and hockey captain Kate Richardson-Walsh completing the final line-up.
Viewers will only be able to vote for their favourite live on the night on Sunday 18 December, with the show starting at 6.40pm on BBC1.
Gary Lineker, Clare Balding and Gabby Logan will present Sports Personality 2016 live from Birmingham's Genting Arena.
Votes can be cast either online or by phone, with the numbers to call being revealed during the show.
Sports Personality of the Year 2016 shortlist revealed
Andy Murray, Mo Farah, Jason and Laura Kenny and Gareth Bale included in a line-up of 16 sports stars for 2016 ByJames Gill
2016 highlight: Becoming the first British Paralympian to win Paralympic gold medals in multiple sports since 1984. She won gold in the women's cycling time trial, gold in the 400m sprint and bronze in the 100m sprint